3D dynamic simulation of crack propagation in extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy

M. L.L. Wijerathne, Muneo Hori, Hide Sakaguchi, Kenji Oguni

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Some experimental observations of Shock Wave Lithotripsy(SWL), which include 3D dynamic crack propagation, are simulated with the aim of reproducing fragmentation of kidney stones with SWL. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is the fragmentation of kidney stones by focusing an ultrasonic pressure pulse onto the stones. 3D models with fine discretization are used to accurately capture the high amplitude shear shock waves. For solving the resulting large scale dynamic crack propagation problem, PDS-FEM is used; it provides numerically efficient failure treatments. With a distributed memory parallel code of PDS-FEM, experimentally observed 3D photoelastic images of transient stress waves and crack patterns in cylindrical samples are successfully reproduced. The numerical crack patterns are in good agreement with the experimental ones, quantitatively. The results shows that the high amplitude shear waves induced in solid, by the lithotriptor generated shock wave, play a dominant role in stone fragmentation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012120
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event9th World Congress on Computational Mechanics, WCCM 2010, Held in Conjuction with the 4th Asian Pacific Congress on Computational Mechanics, APCOM 2010 - Sydney, Australia
Duration: 2010 Jul 192010 Jul 23

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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