A cognitive model of acquiring embodied expertise through meta-cognitive verbalization

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22 Citations (Scopus)


Based on the conjecture that acquisition of embodied expertise is a phenomenon that occurs through interactions among the learner's verbal thoughts, perception, physical movements and the surrounding environment, Suwa [2005b] has claimed the significance of dealing with subjective data such as verbalized thoughts in researches on embodied skills, and has advocated a theory on meta-cognitive verbalization. The present paper, based on the empirical findings in playing darts game, provides a cognitive model of embodied meta-cognitive verbalization, This model theorizes what kinds of cognitive processes involve embodied meta-cognitive verbalization, and how these processes change a learner's thoughts, perception, actions and self-awareness to those, and thereby promote acquisition of embodied expertise.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-150
Number of pages10
JournalTransactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Embodied expertise
  • Externalization
  • Meta-cognition
  • Self-awareness
  • Situated cognition
  • Skill

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Artificial Intelligence

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