A de novo 50-bp GNAS Intragenic Duplication in a Patient with Pseudohypoparathyroidism Type 1a

Erina Suzuki, Ryosuke Bo, Kaori Sue, Hiroyuki Awano, Tsutomu Ogata, Satoshi Narumi, Masayo Kagami, Shinichiro Sano, Maki Fukami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Germline intragenic mutations in the GNAS locus result in pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1a (PHP1a) and related conditions. Nearly half of the previously reported GNAS intragenic mutations were structural variants, including 3 tandem duplications of 12-25 bp. However, the precise mutation spectrum and the genomic basis of GNAS structural variants remain to be clarified. Here, we report a de novo 50-bp tandem duplication in GNAS (c.723-772dup50, p.Glu259Leufs∗29) identified in a patient with typical clinical features of PHP1a. The mutant transcript was predicted to undergo mRNA decay or encode a nonfunctional protein. The 2 breakpoints of the duplication shared a 1-bp microhomology but were not associated with long homology or nucleotide stretches. We also examined the breakpoint structures of 3 previously reported GNAS duplications and found that 1 had a structure similar to that of our case, while the remaining 2 had blunt-ended breakpoints without microhomologies. In silico analyses revealed that the GNAS-flanking region was not enriched with repeats, palindromes, noncanonical DNA motifs, or GC content. This study expands the mutation spectrum of GNAS and provides the first indication that GNAS intragenic structural variants are induced by multiple processes, including nonhomologous end-joining and/or microhomology-mediated break-induced replication, independently of known rearrangement-inducing DNA features.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-130
Number of pages6
JournalCytogenetic and Genome Research
Volume153
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chromosomal rearrangement
  • Duplication
  • Genome
  • PHP
  • indel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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