A double-QM/MM method for investigating donor-acceptor electron-transfer reactions in solution

Zdenek Futera, Keitaro Sodeyama, Jaroslav V. Burda, Yasuaki Einaga, Yoshitaka Tateyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


We developed a double-quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical (d-QM/MM) method for investigation of full outer-sphere electron transfer (ET) processes between a donor and an acceptor (DA) in condensed matter. In the d-QM/MM method, which employs the novel concept of multiple QM regions, one can easily specify the number of electrons, spin states and appropriate exchange-correlation treatment in each QM region, which is especially important in the cases of ET involving transition metal sites. We investigated Fe2+/3+ self-exchange and Fe3+ + Ru2+→ Fe2+ + Ru3+ in aqueous solution as model reactions, and demonstrated that the d-QM/MM method gives reasonable accuracy for the redox potential, reorganization free energy and electronic coupling. In particular, the DA distance dependencies of those quantities are clearly shown at the density functional theory hybrid functional level. The present d-QM/MM method allows us to explore the intermediate DA distance region, important for long-range ET phenomena observed in electrochemistry (on the solid-liquid interfaces) and biochemistry, which cannot be dealt by the half-reaction scheme with the conventional QM/MM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19530-19539
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Issue number36
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'A double-QM/MM method for investigating donor-acceptor electron-transfer reactions in solution'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this