A girl with membranous nephropathy associated with ventriculoperitoneal shunt infection

Midori Awazu, Maiko Miyahara, Michiko Chiga, Akinori Hashiguchi, Hirotaka Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glomerulopathy associated with shunt infection is commonly membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, whereas the causative organisms of secondary membranous nephropathy are usually viruses. We report a case of membranous nephropathy associated with shunt infection. The patient was born at 29-week gestation with a birth weight of 1178 g. Ventriculoperitoneal shunt surgery had been performed for congenital hydrocephalus. Thereafter, she had experienced seven shunt infections. At the age 13 years, proteinuria was detected in a school urinary screening. Urinalysis at our hospital demonstrated 3 + protein and 3 + blood. Laboratory testing demonstrated a serum creatinine 0.5 m/dl, albumin 2.5 g/dl, C-reactive protein (CRP) 13.7 mg/dl, and C3 182 mg/dl. Prior to repeat urinalysis, the patient developed vomiting and was admitted with suspected shunt infection. On admission, her body temperature was 36.0 ºC. Physical examination was unremarkable other than small stature and a palpable mass in the left upper quadrant. Urinalysis demonstrated 2 + protein and 1 + blood with no cells or casts. The urinary protein excretion was 3 g/day. Abnormal laboratory tests included erythrocyte sedimentation rate 102 mm/hr, CRP 11.67 mg/dl, IgG 2442 mg/dl, C3 177 mg/dl, and C4 44 mg/dl. Antibiotic therapy was initiated for a presumptive diagnosis of shunt infection and the shunt catheter was removed. Cultures obtained after antibiotic administration were negative. Proteinuria persisted after control of the shunt infection. Histology of a renal biopsy demonstrated membranous nephropathy with diffuse granular IgG staining and subepithelial deposits. Three possible pathomechanisms for her membranous nephropathy were considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-134
Number of pages5
JournalCEN case reports
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Low birth weight
  • Membranous nephropathy
  • Preterm
  • Shunt nephritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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