A long-acting prostacyclin agonist with thromboxane inhibitory activity for pulmonary hypertension

Masaharu Kataoka, Noritoshi Nagaya, Toru Satoh, Takefumi Itoh, Shinsuke Murakami, Takashi Iwase, Yoshinori Miyahara, Shingo Kyotani, Yoshiki Sakai, Kenji Kangawa, Satoshi Ogawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


Rationale: The balance between prostacyclin and thromboxane plays an important role in the regulation of pulmonary vascular tone. Recently, we developed ONO-1301, a novel, long-acting prostacyclin agonist with thromboxane synthase inhibitory activity. Objectives: We investigated whether modulation of prostacyclin/thromboxane balance by ONO-1301 ameliorates monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension in rats. Methods: After subcutaneous injection of monocrotaline or vehicle, rats were randomized to receive repeated subcutaneous administration of ONO-1301 or vehicle twice per day for 3 wk. Measurements and Main Results: There was significant development of pulmonary hypertension 3 wk after monocrotaline injection. Treatment with ONO-1301 significantly attenuated the increases in right ventricular systolic pressure and ratio of right ventricular weight to body weight in monocrotaline rats. Furthermore, ONO-1301 significantly attenuated the increase in medial wall thickness of peripheral pulmonary arteries in monocrotaline rats. The half-life of plasma ONO-1301 concentration after a single subcutaneous administration was approximately 5.6 h. A single administration of ONO-1301 increased plasma cyclic adenosine 3′, 5′-monophosphate level, which lasted at least up to 8 h. Treatment with ONO-1301 significantly decreased plasma 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2, a metabolite of thromboxane, in monocrotaline rats. Finally, Kaplan-Meier survival curves demonstrated that repeated administration of ONO-1301 improved survival rate in monocrotaline rats compared with vehicle administration (80 vs. 30% in 6-wk survival). Conclusions: Subcutaneous administration of a novel prostacyclin agonist (ONO-1301) markedly attenuated monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension and improved survival in rats. The beneficial effects of ONO-1301 may occur through its long-lasting stimulation of cyclic adenosine 3′, 5′-monophosphate and inhibition of thromboxane synthase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1575-1580
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec 15
Externally publishedYes


  • Hemodynamics
  • Monocrotaline
  • Vascular remodeling
  • cAMP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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