A modification of the FRAD model for personal names in non-Roman languages

Maiko Kimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to propose a modification of the Functional Requirements for Authority Data (FRAD) model to accommodate names in non-Roman languages with diverse writing systems. Design/methodology/approach – The model modifies and clarifies the attributes and relationships regarding non-Roman languages of the current FRAD model, based on the definitions of transliteration, transcription, and Romanization in ISO 5127:2001. The modified model overcomes the problems inherent in the current FRAD model when handling writing systems in non-Roman languages. Findings – The proposed model clearly shows the hierarchy of Controlled Access Points (CAPs). CAPs are either based directly on names or derived from other CAPs. For name or person identification, a CAP and its derivations should be treated as a set. The proposed model also resolves ambiguity in the definition of the word transliteration in the current FRAD model. Originality/value – By establishing new relationships and amending the attributes of the FRAD model, the proposed model better expresses personal names in non-Roman languages as well as names in western languages. It also organizes complex writing systems of non-Roman languages. The proposed model could lead to an improved format for authority data and will facilitate international sharing of data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)938-956
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Documentation
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sept 14
Externally publishedYes


  • Authority control
  • Authority data
  • FRAD model
  • Non-Roman languages
  • Non-Roman scripts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Library and Information Sciences


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