A new three-parameter cubic equation of state for refrigeration engineering calculations

H. L. Zhang, H. Sato, K. Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


A new three-parameter cubic equation of state is proposed in which the repulsion pressure term of the semiempirical van der Waals equation has been modified based on the hard-sphere potential and a functional form similar to Redlich-Kwong attraction term is adopted for the attraction term. All three parameters are treated as functions of temperature. For the purpose of examining the applicability of the new equation, it was applied to describe the thermodynamic properties of difluoromethane (R-32) and pentafluoroethane (R-125). It has been found that the essential thermodynamic properties are represented by the new equation as accurately as a conventional far-complicated modified Benedict-Webb-Rubin equation in the working range of refrigeration equipment. The new cubic equation was also compared with the Peng-Robinson equation and the Carnahan-Starling-De Santis equation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-440
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Refrigeration
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1997


  • Cubic equation of state
  • R-125
  • R-32
  • Refrigerant
  • Thermodynamic property

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


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