A Novel Blood Glucose Monitoring Method an ISFET Biosensor Applied to Transcutaneous Effusion Fluid

Jun Kimura, Narushi Ito, Toshihide Kuriyama, Makoto Kikuchi, Tsunenori Arai, Naoki Negishi, Yasuhiko Tomita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


Quasicontinuous blood glucose monitoring has been achieved by applying an ISFET (ion sensitive field effect transistor) biosensor to transcutaneous effusion fluid. The effusion fluid, collected through the skin by evacuation without harm to a living creature, contains the same glucose and urea concentration as that in the serum (1). The main advantage of using the ISFET biosensor is its application to small volume samples; for example, only about 0.4 µl/min effusion fluid, under 400 torr suction, was extracted from a 1 cm2 skin surface in a rabbit experiment. The ISFET biosensor, which was employed for this glucose measurement, is 1.6 mm wide, 8 mm long and 0.35 mm thick. By using an effusion fluid collection cell 8 cm2 in area, the fluid was collected every 10 min. Glucose concentrations for every 10 µl of sampling fluid were measured by the ISFET biosensor and compared with blood glucose concentration monitored by a continuous glucose analyzer. By injecting glucose solution into a femoral vein, an artificial high glucose concentration was induced. A good correlation between effusion fluid glucose concentration measured by a biosensor and blood glucose concentration measured by continuous monitoring equipment was obtained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1744-1747
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1989 Jun
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


Dive into the research topics of 'A Novel Blood Glucose Monitoring Method an ISFET Biosensor Applied to Transcutaneous Effusion Fluid'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this