A novel protocol for antibiotic prophylaxis based on preoperative kidney function in patients undergoing open heart surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass

Mizuho Odaka, Kenji Minakata, Hideaki Toyokuni, Kazuhiro Yamazaki, Atsushi Yonezawa, Ryuzo Sakata, Kazuo Matsubara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to develop and assess the effectiveness of a protocol for antibiotic prophylaxis based on preoperative kidney function in patients undergoing open heart surgery. Methods: We established a protocol for antibiotic prophylaxis based on preoperative kidney function in patients undergoing open heart surgery. This novel protocol was assessed by comparing patients undergoing open heart surgery before (control group; n = 30) and after its implementation (protocol group; n = 31) at Kyoto University Hospital between July 2012 and January 2013. Results: Surgical site infections (SSIs) were observed in 4 control group patients (13.3 %), whereas no SSIs were observed in the protocol group patients (P < 0.05). The total duration of antibiotic use decreased significantly from 80.7 ± 17.6 h (mean ± SD) in the control group to 55.5 ± 14.9 h in the protocol group (P < 0.05). Similarly, introduction of the protocol significantly decreased the total antibiotic dose used in the perioperative period (P < 0.05). Furthermore, antibiotic regimens were changed under suspicion of infection in 5 of 30 control group patients, whereas none of the protocol group patients required this additional change in the antibiotic regimen (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Our novel antibiotic prophylaxis protocol based on preoperative kidney function effectively prevents SSIs in patients undergoing open heart surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)446-452
Number of pages7
JournalGeneral thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
Volume63
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 18
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antibiotic prophylaxis
  • Cardiopulmonary bypass
  • Renal function
  • Surgical site infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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