A proposed definition of participatory organizational interventions

Asuka Sakuraya, Mako Iida, Kotaro Imamura, Emiko Ando, Hideaki Arima, Hiroki Asaoka, Hisashi Eguchi, Yui Hidaka, Ayako Hino, Akiomi Inoue, Reiko Inoue, Mai Iwanaga, Yuka Kobayashi, Yu Komase, Yasumasa Otsuka, Natsu Sasaki, Akihito Shimazu, Kanami Tsuno, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Norito KawakamiAkizumi Tsutsumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Participatory organizational interventions offer an effective way to promote occupational safety and health. Despite an increasing number of studies, a common definition of participatory organizational interventions has yet to be established. Therefore, we aimed to form a definition using the following process. First, we developed a tentative draft definition of organizational interventions and participatory elements, based on the relevant literature. The tentative definition was revised in several rounds of an extensive discussion by the authors. This resulted in the draft definition. We asked 15 selected international experts in occupational safety and health to review and comment on the draft definition. We carefully reviewed their comments, and formulated our final proposed definition. To summarize the key points of the final version of the definition, organizational interventions are planned actions that primarily directly target working conditions with the aim of promoting and maintaining of the highest degree of physical, mental, and social well-being of workers in all occupations. In addition, as participatory elements of organizational interventions in the final definition, ideally, all workers participate in every step of the intervention, while participating in part of the steps of the intervention in some cases. Furthermore, in principle, all workers participate in each step of intervention, while it is also acceptable that only elected representatives among workers participate in the intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12386
JournalJournal of occupational health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan 1


  • employee participation
  • occupational health
  • participatory organizational interventions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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