A novel C20 natural product, acacienone (1), was isolated from the leaves of Acacia mangium collected in Bangladesh. The structure of compound 1 was elucidated by spectral studies and X-ray crystallographic analysis. Acacienone (1) possesses a terpenoid-related tetracyclic framework containing 20 carbons with biogenetically unusual structural features: (i) vicinal C1-branches at the C-3 and C-4 positions in the A ring, and (ii) a cyclopentenone D ring in an androsterone-like assembly, lacking a methyl group at the C-13 position.
- Acacia mangium
- Androsterone-like cyclopentenone moiety
- Bangladesh plant
- Terpenoid-like C20 natural product
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine