Activity Detection in Indoor Environments Using Multiple 2D Lidars

Mondher Bouazizi, Alejandro Lorite Mora, Kevin Feghoul, Tomoaki Ohtsuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In health monitoring systems for the elderly, a crucial aspect is unobtrusively and continuously monitoring their activities to detect potentially hazardous incidents such as sudden falls as soon as they occur. However, the effectiveness of current non-contact sensor-based activity detection systems is limited by obstacles present in the environment. To overcome this limitation, a straightforward yet highly efficient approach involves utilizing multiple sensors that collaborate seamlessly. This paper proposes a method that leverages 2D Light Detection and Ranging (Lidar) technology for activity detection. Multiple 2D Lidars are positioned in an indoor environment with varying obstacles such as furniture, working cohesively to create a comprehensive representation of ongoing activities. The data from these Lidars is concatenated and transformed into a more interpretable format, resembling images. A convolutional Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) Neural Network is then used to process these generated images to classify the activities. The proposed approach achieves high accuracy in three tasks: activity detection, fall detection, and unsteady gait detection. Specifically, it attains accuracies of 96.10%, 99.13%, and 93.13% for these tasks, respectively. This demonstrates the efficacy and promise of the method in effectively monitoring and identifying potentially hazardous events for the elderly through 2D Lidars, which are non-intrusive sensing technology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number626
JournalSensors
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Jan

Keywords

  • 2D Lidar
  • activity detection
  • deep learning
  • fall detection
  • healthcare
  • human activity recognition
  • machine learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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