Actual practice of standard treatment for pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacteriosis in Japan

Kozo Morimoto, Kiyohiko Izumi, Manabu Ato, Naoki Hasegawa, Satoshi Mitarai

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Introduction: The details of the practice of treating nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease (NTMPD) have not been studied in Japan. Methods: We studied a random sample of 2% (184) of the 9,200 patients with incident NTM-PD in 2010 who received standard three-drug therapy for at least some of their treatment between 2010 and 2014. Results: The median duration of the standard treatment period was 248 days (IQR 56–540 days). Although 59% of the patients were treated with standard therapy for more than 6 months, only 41% were treated for 12 months. Fifty-three patients (29%) initiated treatment with substandard regimen, and 18 (34%) of those patients received treatment regimens that can lead to the development of macrolide resistance (MR)(CLR monotherapy or CLR + RIF). Furthermore, initially, 184 receiving the standard treatment, 49 patients (27%) eventually deviated from it, and 31 patients (63%) received regimens increasing the risk of developing MR. The sporadic administration of macrolide monotherapy was observed before and after the administration of the standard treatment for 50 patients (27.7%) and 41 patients (27.2%), respectively. Conclusions: Approximately 60% of the treated patients did not continue the standard regimen for more than 12 months and 42% were at risk for developing MR before and after receiving the standard treatment. It is important to educate physicians and patients about the correct and safe management of NTMPD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-69
Number of pages3
JournalRespiratory Medicine
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct 1


  • Clarithromycin resistant
  • Guideline
  • Insurance claim
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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