Adaptive behavior and its related factors in children with focal epilepsy

Riyo Ueda, Yoshimi Kaga, Yosuke Kita, Masaki Iwasaki, Eri Takeshita, Yuko Shimizu-Motohashi, Akihiko Ishiyama, Takashi Saito, Eiji Nakagawa, Kenji Sugai, Masayuki Sasaki, Masumi Inagaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: We aimed to clarify the strengths and weaknesses in adaptive behavior in children with focal epilepsy and show children-associated factors related to adaptive behavior. Materials and methods: Sixty-three children with focal epilepsy aged 5–18 years with intellectual quotient (IQ) ranging from 67 to 135 were enrolled in this study. Adaptive behavior was evaluated using the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale, 2nd edition (VABS-II). The children performed continuous performance test and tests of reading, writing, and IQ; parents answered questionnaires regarding attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Participants were categorized into four groups based on IQ and adaptive behavior scores for statistical comparisons. Results and discussion: Children with low adaptive behavior were more likely to show a reduction in daily living skills, and those with both low adaptive behavior and IQ were more likely to show a reduction in daily living skills and communication. Lower adaptive behavior was related to more severe autistic symptoms, lower academic achievement in children with IQ > 85, and lower executive function in children with IQ ≤ 85. There was a qualitative difference of cognitive dysfunction in adaptive behavior between both groups. Conclusions: There were differences in VABS-II domain and subdomain characteristics between children with focal epilepsy and those with ASD; however, it was more difficult for children with more severe ASD and coexisting focal epilepsy to show age-equivalent adaptive behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107092
JournalEpilepsy and Behavior
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul
Externally publishedYes


  • Academic achievement
  • Adaptive behavior
  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Executive function
  • Focal epilepsy
  • Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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