Analysis of retinal architectural changes using intraoperative OCT following surgical manipulations with membrane flex loop in the DISCOVER study

Atsuro Uchida, Sunil K. Srivastava, Justis P. Ehlers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


PURPOSE. We investigate acute retinal alterations identified on intraoperative optical coherence tomography (iOCT) immediately following surgical intervention with the Finesse Flex Loop for vitreoretinal interface disorders. METHODS. The Determination of feasibility of Intraoperative Spectral domain microscope Combined/integrated OCT Visualization during En face Retinal and ophthalmic surgery (DISCOVER) study is a prospective multisurgeon intraoperative OCT clinical study. Subjects who had participated in the DISCOVER study and had undergone macular surgery with the membrane flex loop from August 2014 to July 2016 were identified. iOCT images and video sequences were evaluated at various surgical time points. Subjects were excluded if iOCT images were not obtained over the area of membrane peeling performed with the membrane flex loop. Qualitative characteristics of intraoperative changes in retinal images were analyzed, with particular focus on the retinal layers within the bed of membrane peeling performed specifically with the membrane flex loop. RESULTS. We studied 34 eyes of 34 patients, with a mean age of 72.7 (± 6.4) years, 25 of whom were women. The intraoperative diagnosis was full thickness macular hole in 21 eyes (62%) and epiretinal membrane in 13 (38%). All eyes had successful indocyanine green–assisted inner limiting membrane (ILM) flap initiation using the membrane loop. Intraoperative OCT demonstrated expansion of the ellipsoid zone-to-RPE distance in 3 eyes (9%), definitive subretinal fluid accumulation in 1 eye (3%), and hyperreflectivity of the inner retinal layers associated with retinal hemorrhage in 10 eyes (29%). Retinal breaks were not observed in any eye. CONCLUSIONS. Acute retinal alterations after ILM peeling with the membrane flex loop were visualized at a frequency of less than 10%. Additional research is needed to understand the clinical impact, if any, of these architectural alterations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3440-3444
Number of pages5
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul


  • Epiretinal membrane
  • Intraoperative OCT
  • Macular hole
  • Surgical instrument

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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