For determining the effects of anandamide (ANA) on renal hemodynamics and microcirculation, a clearance study was performed in Sprague-Dawley rats that received injections of ANA in doses of 15, 150, and 1500 pmol/kg. At doses up to 150 pmol/g, ANA significantly decreased GFR and increased renal blood flow (RBF) without affecting mean arterial pressure (MAP). In the presence of the cannabinoid type 1 (CB1) receptor antagonist AM251, only the 15-pmol/kg dose significantly increased GFR and RBF without altering MAP, with higher doses having no effect on GFR, RBF, or MAP. By contrast, AM281, which antagonizes cannabinoid receptors nonselectively, inhibited the GFR, RBF, and MAP responses to ANA. The arteriolar responses to ANA were also assessed in vitro by the blood-perfused juxtamedullary nephron technique. Higher doses of ANA significantly increased the diameter of both afferent and efferent arterioles, whereas lower doses elicited predominant efferent arteriolar dilation. AM251 attenuated the afferent arteriolar response to ANA and inhibited the efferent arteriolar response to ANA, whereas AM281 inhibited the responses in both arterioles. The CB1 receptor mRNA was expressed in afferent arterioles, and immunohistochemical staining demonstrated the presence of CB1 receptors in both afferent and efferent arterioles. These results suggest that ANA causes afferent arteriolar dilation via both CB1 and non-CB1 receptors and greater efferent arteriolar dilation via CB1 receptors, resulting in a decreased GFR and an increased RBF without affecting MAP.
|Number of pages
|Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
|Published - 2004 Jun
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