Anatomical relationship between arteries and veins in the paraumbilical region

Nimanmed Imanishi, H. Nakajima, T. Minabe, H. Chang, Sadakazu Aiso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


Veins in the paraumbilical region were investigated in eight fresh cadavers, in which radiopaque materials were injected into both the arterial and the venous systems, to determine their locational relationship to the arteries. Veins in the skin and subcutaneous tissue consisted of venae comitantes and non-venae comitantes. The main trunk of the non-venae comitantes was the superficial inferior epigastric vein, and it formed a polygonal venous network in the skin layer. A large communicating vein, which did not accompany an artery, connected the venous network to a vena comitans of a large paraumbilical arterial perforator. Venous blood that had perfused the dermis of the paraumbilical region had two kinds of pathways to a deep vein: through the superficial inferior epigastric vein to the femoral vein and through the vena comitans to the deep inferior epigastric vein.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)552-556
Number of pages5
JournalBritish Journal of Plastic Surgery
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2003


  • Angiogram
  • Cutaneous vein
  • Paraumbilical perforator
  • Superficial inferior epigastric vein
  • Venae comitantes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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