Anion vacancies in CuInSe2

S. Niki, R. Suzuki, S. Ishibashi, T. Ohdaira, P. J. Fons, A. Yamada, H. Oyanagi, T. Wada, R. Kimura, T. Nakada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


Effects of the Cu2-xSe surface phase, the post-growth air-annealing and the Na incorporation on the growth and properties of CuInSe2 films have been systematically investigated by various defect-sensitive characterization techniques such as low temperature photoluminescence and positron annihilation. The presence of the Cu-Se surface phase, the post-growth air-annealing and the Na incorporation all provided significant changes in photoluminescence spectra. Decrease in positron lifetime and reduction of twin density were found to occur simultaneously, along with the changes in photoluminescence spectra. Change in photoluminescence spectra and the corresponding decrease in positron lifetime indicate the annihilation of Se-vacancies; the control of Se-vacancy is a key issue to be addressed for improving the electrical, optical and structural properties of CuInSe2 films.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-134
Number of pages6
JournalThin Solid Films
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2001 May 29
Externally publishedYes


  • CuInSe
  • Defects
  • Molecular beam epitaxy
  • Photoluminescence
  • Photovoltaic material
  • Positron annihilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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