Antecedents and Outcomes of Work Engagement among Psychiatric Nurses in Japan

Yuichi Kato, Rie Chiba, Akihito Shimazu, Yuta Hayashi, Takuya Sakamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

While previous studies have examined antecedents and outcomes of work engagement among general nurses, studies among psychiatric nurses remain limited. This study aimed to explore the antecedents (i.e., job crafting and nursing practice environment) and outcomes (i.e., strength-oriented care attitudes, mental health, and turnover intention) of work engagement among psychiatric nurses in Japan. This cross-sectional study included 309 nurses from three psychiatric hospitals in Japan (valid response rate: 60.4%). Data collection using the self-administered questionnaire took place from July to August 2021. We performed Structural Equation Modeling to examine the directional relationships among variables. Job crafting (β = 0.57, p < 0.01) and nursing practice environment (β = 0.23, p = 0.01) exhibited positive effects on work engagement. Work engagement had positive effects on strength-oriented care attitudes (β = 0.15, p = 0.04) and mental health (β = 0.37, p < 0.01) as well as negative effects on intention to resign from their profession as a nurse (β = −0.17, p = 0.01). Job crafting and a healthier nursing practice environment could help enhance work engagement. Higher work engagement could contribute to improving strength-oriented care attitudes, mental health, and intention to resign from their profession as a nurse.

Original languageEnglish
Article number295
JournalHealthcare (Switzerland)
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Feb

Keywords

  • job crafting
  • nursing practice environment
  • psychiatric nurses
  • strength-oriented care attitudes
  • work engagement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management
  • Health Policy
  • Health Informatics
  • Health Information Management

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