AR registration by merging multiple planar markers at arbitrary positions and poses via projective space

Yuko Uematsu, Hideo Saito

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

15 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a vision-based registration method for Augmented Reality by merging multiple planar markers, which are placed at arbitrary positions and poses. In our approach, we use planar markers like AR-Toolkit markers. We need no information about geometrical relationship of the markers while most of marker-based approaches require the measurement of the markers' 3D positions and poses. Thus we can implement an AR system very easily without time-consuming calibration of markers and a camera.In the proposed registration method, we assign a 3D co-ordinate system for each marker independently, and compute a projection matrix between each marker's 3D coordinate system and the input image coordinate system. For merging all markers' 3D coordinate, we construct a projective 3D space defined by projective geometry between two reference images which are selected while the on-line process automatically. This merging process enables to use the multiple markers at arbitrary positions and poses, and also to reduce errors in registration. For demonstrating the effectiveness of the proposed method, we implement a real-time on-line AR system. Virtual objects are superimposed onto input image sequences that are captured with a handy camera. Since the multiple markers are placed in the wide area, the virtual objects can move around the real world widely. Moreover, the registration can be carried out stably, because the markers face to various directions and some of them can be always recognized from most view points.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2005 International Conference on Augmented Tele-Existence, ICAT '05
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec 1
Event2005 International Conference on Augmented Tele-Existence, ICAT '05 - Christchurch, New Zealand
Duration: 2005 Dec 52005 Dec 8

Publication series

NameACM International Conference Proceeding Series


Other2005 International Conference on Augmented Tele-Existence, ICAT '05
Country/TerritoryNew Zealand


  • AR-Toolkit
  • augmented reality
  • mixed reality
  • multiple planar markers
  • projective space
  • vision-based registration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Networks and Communications


Dive into the research topics of 'AR registration by merging multiple planar markers at arbitrary positions and poses via projective space'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this