Arterial anatomy of the nipple-areola complex

Hideo Nakajima, Nobuaki Imanishi, Sadakazu Aiso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Citations (Scopus)


The blood supply of the nipple-areola complex was investigated radiographically in five fresh cadavers that had been systemically injeced with lead oxide. The blood supply of the breast is derived from the external mammary, internal mammary, intercostal, and thoracoacromiai arteries. We found that branches of the external and supply to the nipple-areola complex. These branches provide small vessels that traverse the subcutaneous tissue to the nipple-areola complex, Branches are given off to the areolar skin. These ascended, arborizing in the upper and middle thirds of the nipple.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)843-845
Number of pages3
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Sept

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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