Assessment of long-term quality of life in patients with syndromic craniosynostosis

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6 Citations (Scopus)


Several studies have analyzed the long-term stability of cranioplasty and midface distraction in patients with craniosynostosis; however, few studies have investigated long-term quality of life (QOL) and complications in adults with syndromic craniosynostosis. This study aimed to investigate the QOL (social, physical, and psychosocial) of patients with adult syndromic craniosynostosis. Patients aged ≥20 years with syndromic craniosynostosis, who were surgically treated at a single craniofacial institution, were included in this study. We investigated everyday inconvenience (using the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule questionnaire), any ongoing treatment, marital status, and number of children. Totally, 18 patients aged 22–48 years (mean: 31.4 ± 9.2 years) answered the questionnaire (Crouzon syndrome, 9; Apert syndrome, 5; Pfeiffer syndrome, 4). Of these, only one Crouzon syndrome patient was married; she was also the only one with a child. Apert syndrome patients were found to have difficulty in understanding, communication, and self-care because of their mental retardation and hand and foot handicaps; however, their participation in society was the most aggressive. In contrast, Crouzon syndrome patients had especially poor participation in society. In all patients, any ongoing hospital treatment was due to ophthalmological conditions. Crouzon syndrome patients have extremely poor QOL; the absence of mental retardation and hand and foot handicaps forces them to live in mainstream society, for which they are emotionally ill-equipped. It is necessary to treat these patients without any residual deformity to provide psychological support and to create an accepting society.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-340
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb


  • Apert syndrome
  • Craniosynostosis
  • Crouzon syndrome
  • Pfeiffer syndrome
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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