Association between β-adrenoceptor gene polymorphisms and relative response to β 2-agonists and anticholinergic drugs in Japanese asthmatic patients

Koichiro Asano, Wakako Yamada-Yamasawa, Hiroyasu Kudoh, Tatsu Matsuzaki, Takahiro Nakajima, Haruhiko Hakuno, Rika Hiraoka, Koichi Fukunaga, Tsuyoshi Oguma, Koichi Sayama, Kazuhiro Yamaguchi, Akira Nagabukuro, Yosuke Harada, Akitoshi Ishizaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Background and objective: Whether 2-adrenoceptor gene (ADRB2) polymorphisms are associated with airway responsiveness to 2-agonist medications remains controversial, partly due to factors that may confound pharmacogenetic associations, including age, cigarette smoking and airway remodelling. To overcome these problems, we performed an analysis using parameters that reflected the specific bronchodilator response to 2-agonists. Methods: The increases in FEV 1 after inhalation of procaterol hydrochloride (FEV 1 procaterol) or oxitropium bromide (FEV 1 oxitropium), and after sequential inhalation of procaterol and oxitropium (total airway reversibility), were measured in 81 Japanese patients with moderate to severe asthma. Approximately 3 kb of the DNA sequence of the coding and 5′-flanking regions of ADRB2 were genotyped by direct sequencing and PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay. Results: The mean age of the participants was 54 years, and 38 (47%) were smokers. Although FEV 1 procaterol and FEV 1 oxitropium adjusted for predicted FEV 1 were not associated with ADRB2 polymorphisms, the ratio of FEV 1 procaterol to total airway reversibility was significantly associated with the ADRB2 A46G genotype (P < 0.05). Patients who were homozygous for the A46 allele (arginine at amino acid 16) were more responsive than carriers of the G46 (glycine 16) allele (P = 0.008). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that FEV 1 procaterol was correlated with the number of A46 alleles (P = 0.014), and also with total airway reversibility (P < 0.001) and smoking index in current smokers (P = 0.009). Conclusions: The ADRB2 A46G polymorphism was associated with a relatively greater bronchodilator responsiveness to 2-agonists even in elderly asthmatic patients and smokers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)849-854
Number of pages6
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jul


  • airway reversibility
  • anticholinergic agent
  • asthma
  • oxitropium bromide
  • procaterol hydrochloride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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