Association between experience of interprofessional care and self-medication among family caregivers: A cross-sectional study

Shoichi Masumoto, Gen Nakayama, Junji Haruta, Tetsuhiro Maeno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Although healthcare professionals pay attention to the drugs prescribed by physicians, few studies have assessed self-medication by family caregivers. Family caregivers' experience of interprofessional care in the care of patients can influence caregivers’ health behaviors. Objectives: This study aimed to describe self-medication among family caregivers of community-dwelling adult patients, and to assess association between family caregivers’ experience of interprofessional care and their self-medication, adjusting for possible confounding factors. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey from November to December 2020 in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. Family caregivers between 40 and 74 years old and caring for community-dwelling adult patients with chronic conditions were recruited. The use of any self-medication in the last 2 weeks by family caregivers was the outcome variable. The explanatory variable was family caregivers' experience of interprofessional care in the care of patients, using the Japanese version of the Caregivers’ Experience Instrument (J-IEXPAC CAREGIVERS). Adjusted covariates were age, gender, educational attainment, annual household income, self-rated health, and caregiving time of family caregivers. Results: Of 1091 recruited family caregivers, 750 were included in the analysis. A total of 258 (34.4%) family caregivers reported having used self-medication in the past 2 weeks. Logistic regression analysis showed that having a higher score on the J-IEXPAC CAREGIVERS (odds ratio 0.80 per 1 standard deviation increase) was associated with less use of self-medication by caregivers. Conclusions: This study revealed that about one-third of family caregivers self-medicate, and this practice is associated with a less positive experience of interprofessional care. These results suggest that it is important for healthcare professionals to be aware of the health condition of family caregivers and to provide appropriate advice regarding self-medication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)773-777
Number of pages5
JournalResearch in Social and Administrative Pharmacy
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 May

Keywords

  • Caregivers
  • Interprofessional care
  • Patient experience
  • Self-medication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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