Association of initial trough concentrations of vancomycin with outcomes in pediatric patients with gram-positive bacterial infection

Miko Kondo, Shunsaku Nakagawa, Satoru Orii, Kotaro Itohara, Mitsuhiro Sugimoto, Tomohiro Omura, Yuki Sato, Satoshi Imai, Atsushi Yonezawa, Takayuki Nakagawa, Kazuo Matsubara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Vancomycin is a glycopeptide antibiotic used for the treatment of Gram-positive infections. For adult patients, treatment with vancomycin requires effective therapeutic drug-monitoring (TDM) to achieve clinical outcomes and reduce the incidence of adverse effects. However, it remains still unclear whether the TDM with vancomycin is beneficial in yielding better clinical outcomes in pediatrics. The objective of our study was to evaluate whether the clinical response to treatment was associated with initial trough concentrations of vancomycin in pediatric patients. A retrospective observation study of 60 patients (age: 1 month-15 years) who had completed and qualified for analysis was conducted at Kyoto University Hospital. The response to treatment was assessed by the time to resolution of fever and time to 50% decline in C-reactive protein (CRP). In addition, we explored whether vancomycin trough level was associated with the baseline characteristics. Trend analysis showed that there were significant correlations between vancomycin trough level and age, body weight, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and serum albumin levels. The time to resolution of fever of the patients with higher initial trough level (≥5µg/mL) was significantly lower than that of the patients with lower trough level (<5µg/mL). The higher vancomycin concentration tended to be associated with the shorter time to 50% decline in CRP. The findings suggest that initial trough concentration is important in achieving better outcomes with vancomycin treatment in pediatrics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1463-1468
Number of pages6
JournalBiological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Oct 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Gram-positive infection
  • Therapeutic drug monitoring
  • Vancomycin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science


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