Association of short sleep duration with impaired glucose tolerance or diabetes mellitus

Sayuri Katano, Yasuyuki Nakamura, Aki Nakamura, Yoshitaka Murakami, Taichiro Tanaka, Toru Takebayashi, Akira Okayama, Katsuyuki Miura, Tomonori Okamura, Hirotsugu Ueshima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Aims/Introduction: To examine the cross-sectional relationship between sleep duration and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), including diabetes mellitus (DM), we analyzed a large-scale healthy workers database in Japan. Materials and Methods: We examined the baseline database of 4143 participants (3415 men and 728 women) aged 19-69years. Sleep duration of participants was categorized into four groups: <6, 6 to <7, 7 to <8 and ≥8h. The physical activity of each participant was classified according to the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). We defined IGT including DM (IGT/DM) in the present study according to previous studies as follows: fasting blood sugar level ≥110mg/dL, or if <8h after meals ≥140mg/dL, or on medication for diabetes mellitus, or those diagnosed as having DM. Logistic regression was applied to estimate the odds ratio (OR) to examine the relationship between IGT/DM, sleep duration and other related factors. Results: The number of participants with IGT/DM was 402 (9.7%). The factors that significantly associated with IGT/DM were age (OR 1.08, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.07-1.10, P<0.001), high blood pressure (OR 1.94, CI 1.52-2.47, P<0.001), and <6h of sleep duration in comparison with 6 to <7h sleep (OR 2.32, CI 1.18-4.55, P=0.015). The associations of difficulty in sleep initiation, IPAQ classification, current smoking and alcohol intake with IGT/DM were not statistically significant. Conclusions: Our results showed that shorter sleep duration (<6h of sleep duration per night) was associated with a risk of IGT/DM independent of other lifestyle habits and metabolic risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)366-372
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Diabetes Investigation
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Oct


  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Impaired glucose tolerance
  • Short sleep duration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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