Association of work environment with stress and depression among Japanese workers

Kiko Shiga, Keisuke Izumi, Kazumichi Minato, Michitaka Yoshimura, Momoko Kitazawa, Sayaka Hanashiro, Kelley Cortright, Shunya Kurokawa, Yuki Momota, Mitsuhiro Sado, Takashi Maeno, Toru Takebayashi, Masaru Mimura, Taishiro Kishimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: There is a lack of studies that investigated the effect of a wide range of work environmental factors on stress and depression in Japan. OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of work environment factors with stress and depression among workers in Japan. METHODS: We conducted questionnaire surveys of workers that mainly engage in desk work in Japan. Stress was assessed through the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), depression through the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and work environment through physical and psychological workplace environment questionnaires. Workers were divided into low and high stress groups based on PSS score (median split), and divided into non-depressed and depressed groups based on their PHQ-9 score (< 5, and ≥5); these groups were then compared with their working environment. In addition, a multiple regression analysis was performed. RESULTS: Responses were obtained from 210 subjects. Multiple regression analysis showed that 'Ability to work at one's own pace' and 'Ability to apply personal viewpoint to work,' etc., had effect on stress, while 'Workplace harassment' and 'Support from colleagues,' etc., had effect on depression. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that stress and depression in Japanese workers are related to factors such as job demands, control of work, workplace harassment, and psychological safety.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1321-1335
Number of pages15
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Psychological stress
  • depression
  • occupational mental health
  • work environment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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