Astrocyte pvhl and HIF-α isoforms are required for embryonic-to-adult vascular transition in the eye

Toshihide Kurihara, Peter D. Westenskow, Tim U. Krohne, Edith Aguilar, Randall S. Johnson, Martin Friedlander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Successful transition from embryonic to adult circulation is critical for survival of mammalian organisms. This shift occurs in the central cardiovascular circulation and in the eye as oxygen tension increases. However, its regulation is not well understood. We have used combinatorial gene deletion and overexpression assays to assess the effect of astrocyte-targeted deletion of von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor (Vhl), hypoxiainducible factor-αs (Hif-αs), and Vegf on the normal regression of the hyaloidal vessels, the fetal ocular circulation system. Astrocytic Vhl deletion induced accelerated hyaloidal regression and subsequent massive secondary outgrowth. Combinatorial gene deletion involving Vhl, Hif-αs, and Vegf genes revealed that HIF-2α/vascular endothelial growth factor signaling induces secondary outgrowth in Vhl mutants. Conversely, HIF-1α regulated macrophage migration inhibitory factor and promoted macrophage infiltration that accelerates hyaloidal vessel regression. The phenotype observed in Vhl mutants strongly resembles human persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous cases and may provide insights into vascular remodeling mechanisms in other systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)689-701
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Nov 14
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology


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