Body sway induced by depth linear vection in reference to central and peripheral visual field

T. Kawakita, S. Kuno, Y. Miyake, S. Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose. A significant correlation between the magnitude of linear vection and the degree of body sway induced by a visual stimulus perceived as moving in depth was previously described (Jpn J Physiol 49: 417-424, 1999). The purpose of this study was to examine the role of the central and peripheral visual fields in inducing vection and body sway. Methods. Ten healthy volunteer students who had no vestibular or neurological disorders served as subjects. A depth optokinetic stimulus (DOKS) was projected onto a head-mounted display (HMD) and was perceived to move in depth. Different amounts of the central or peripheral visual field were masked independently. The magnitude of the linear vection induced by the DOKS was evaluated by verbal assessment and compared with the magnitude of induced body sway. Body sway was monitored by a video-motion-analyzer that recorded the movement of the head, shoulder, hip, knee and ankle. Results. The magnitude of vection was correlated with the frequency of DOKS and also with the amplitude of body sway (r=0.74). When the central visual field was restricted by 10 to 30%, there was almost no change in the induced body sway and vection. However, when central occlusion was greater than 40%, depth perception and induced body movement were greatly reduced. With increasing amounts of peripheral field occlusion from 50 to 90%, there was a greater reduction of both vection and body sway. Conclusion. Vection is strongly correlated with body movement, and vection and body sway were more dependent on stimulation of the peripheral visual field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-321
Number of pages7
JournalJapanese Journal of Physiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Depth perception
  • Postural stability
  • Vection
  • Visual fields

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology


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