Boehmenan, a lignan from Hibiscus ficulneus, showed Wnt signal inhibitory activity

Takumi Shono, Naoki Ishikawa, Kazufumi Toume, Midori A. Arai, Firoj Ahmed, Samir K. Sadhu, Masami Ishibashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The Wnt signal pathway modulates numerous biological processes, and its aberrant activation is related to various diseases. Therefore, inhibition of the Wnt signal may provide an effective (or efficient) strategy for these diseases. Cell-based luciferase assay targeting the Wnt signal (TOP assay) revealed that Hibiscus ficulneus extract inhibited the Wnt signal. The activity-guided isolation of the MeOH extract of H. ficulneus stems yielded four known (1-4) lignans along with myriceric acid (5). Compounds 1-4 potently inhibited the Wnt signal with TOPflash IC50 values of 1.0, 4.5, 6.3, and 1.9 μM, respectively. Compound 1 exhibited cytotoxicity against both Wnt-dependent (HCT116) and Wnt-independent (RKO) cells. Western blot analysis showed that 1 decreased the expression of full, cytosolic and nuclear β-catenin along with c-myc in STF/293 cells. Our results suggested that 1 may have inhibited the Wnt signal by decreasing β-catenin levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2735-2738
Number of pages4
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun 4
Externally publishedYes


  • Hibiscus ficulneus
  • Lignans
  • Wnt signal
  • β-Catenin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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