We report on current-induced ferromagnetic resonance techniques to characterise spin-Hall effect at high temperatures. A microwave current was injected into a patterned CoFeB/Pt bi-layer grown on a glass substrate, simultaneously exerting spin-transfer torques through the spin-Hall effect and also causing Joule heating enabling the control of the device temperature. We measured the device temperature by using the device itself as a local temperature sensor. A clear reduction of CoFeB magnetisation was observed as the device temperature was increased allowing us to estimate the Curie temperature of our CoFeB film to be 920 K. The spin-Hall angle of Pt was quantified as (1.72 ± 0.03) × 10−2 at 300 K and was slightly increased to (1.75 ± 0.02) × 10−2 at 410 K. This simple method can be widely used for quantifying the spin-Hall angle of a large variety of materials at high temperatures.
- Magnetisation dynamics
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics