We study the collision of a brane with a black hole. Our aim is to explore the topology changing process of perforation of a brane. The brane is described as a field theoretical domain wall in the context of an axionlike model consisting of a complex scalar effective field theory with approximate U(1) symmetry. We simulate numerically the dynamics of the collision and illustrate the transition from the configuration without a hole to the pierced one with the aid of a phase diagram. The process of perforation is found to depend on the collisional velocity, and, contrary to our expectation, we observe that above a critical value of the velocity, the black hole has no chance to perforate the wall. That is: high energy collisions do not assist piercing. We also show that, only when the model parameters are fine-tuned so that the energy scale of the string is very close to that of the domain wall, the collision of the wall with the black hole has a possibility to provide a mechanism to erase domain walls, if the hole expands. However, in such cases, domain walls will form with many holes edged by a string and therefore disappear eventually. Therefore this mechanism is unlikely to be a solution to the cosmological domain wall problem, although it may cause some minor effects on the evolution of a domain wall network.
|Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
|Published - 2007 Jul 9
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)