Breakthrough technologies for the high-performance electrical ATM switching system

N. Yamanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


A high-performance electrical asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) switching system is described with the goal of Tb/s ATM switching. The flrst step system was to use advanced Si-Bipolar very large scale integrated (VLSI) technologies and the multichip technique. 1.0 μm Bipolar SST technologies and Cu-Polyimide multilayer MCM realized a 160 Gb/s through-put ATM system. The performance limitations of the 160 Gb/s system were power supply/cooling and module interconnection. The new ATM switching system, named OPTIMA-1, adopted optical interconnection/distribution to overcome the limitations and achieve 640 Gb/s. The system uses high-performance complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) devices and optical wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) interconnection. Combining OPTIMA-1 with optical cell-by-cell routing functions, i.e., photonic packet routing, can realize variable bandwidth links for 5 Tb/s ATM systems. This paper flrst reviews high-performance electrical ATM (packet) switching system architecture and hardware technologies. In addition, system limitations are described. Next, the important breakthrough technology of optical WDM interconnection is highlighted. These technologies are adopted to form OPTIMA-1, a prototype of which is demonstrated. The key technologies of the system are advanced 80 Gb/s CMOS/MCM, electrical technologies, and 10 Gb/s, 8 WDM, 8 × 8 optical interconnection. Details of implementation technologies are also described. Optical cell-by-cell (packet-by-packet) routing is now being studied. From the architectural viewpoint, dynamic link bandwidth sharing will be adopted. In addition, an AWG that performs cell-by-cell routing and a distributed large scale ATM system are realized. Optical routing achieves the 5 Tb/s needed in future B-ISDN ATM backbone systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2181-2190
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Lightwave Technology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Dec
Externally publishedYes


  • Asynchronous transfer mode (ATM)
  • B-ISDN
  • Complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) packet switching
  • Integrated circuits
  • MCM
  • Optical interconnections
  • Photonic switching systems
  • Very large scale integration (VLSI)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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