Broken spacetime symmetries and elastic variables

Tomoya Hayata, Yoshimasa Hidaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


We discuss spontaneous breaking of continuum symmetries, whose generators do explicitly depend on the spacetime coordinates. We clarify the relation between broken symmetries and elastic variables at both zero and finite temperatures, and/or finite densities, and show the general counting rule that is model-independently determined by the symmetry breaking pattern. We apply it to three intriguing examples: rotational, conformal, and gauge symmetries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-199
Number of pages5
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jul 30
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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