Cation-driven optical properties of artificial luciferases

Sung Bae Kim, Simon Miller, Nobuhiro Suzuki, Toshiya Senda, Ryo Nishihara, Koji Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The present study demonstrates cation-driven optical properties of artificial luciferases (ALucs) from copepod luciferases, as an optical readout for bioanalysis. An assignment of the supersecondary structure code (SSC) of ALucs revealed that ALucs carry a helix-loop-helix structure, which appears at the same sites of the EF-hands of typical Ca 2+ -binding proteins. A mutagenesis study shows that the EF-hand-like structure is a pivotal site for enzymatic activity. The effects of 20 kinds of mono- and multivalent cations on ALuc activities were estimated with column-purified ALuc16. High pH values boost the ALuc activities with both the native coelenterazine and an analog called 6-pi-OH-CTZ. Multivalent cations, Ca(II), Mg(II), and Cr(VI), elevate and prolong the ALuc activities, whereas Co(II), Cu(II) and Pb(II) greatly hamper the ALuc activities. Ca(II) greatly prolongs the optical intensities, suggesting a contribution to the structural robustness of ALucs. The inhibitory effect of multivalent cations on the ALuc activities was utilized for creating dose-response curves. The intrinsic cation-driven selectivity and optical intensity of ALucs enable researchers to constitute de novo biosensors for multivalent cations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)955-960
Number of pages6
Journalanalytical sciences
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Artificial luciferase
  • Bioluminescence
  • Metal cation
  • Supersecondary structure code

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Cation-driven optical properties of artificial luciferases'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this