Therapeutic drug monitoring, which is used to determine appropriate drug doses, is critical in pharmacological therapy. In this study, we developed thermoresponsive chromatography columns with various cationic properties for effective therapeutic drug monitoring. Thermoresponsive cationic copolymer poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co–n-butyl methacrylate-co–N,N-dimethylaminopropyl acrylamide) (P(NIPAAm-co-BMA-co-DMAPAAm))-modified silica beads, which were used as the chromatographic stationary phase, were prepared by modifying the radical initiator of the silica beads, followed by radical polymerization. Characterization of the prepared silica beads demonstrated that thermoresponsive polymers with various cationic properties successfully modified the beads. The elution behavior of several steroids in the prepared bead-packed columns at various temperatures indicated that the optimal column operating temperature was 30 °C. Appropriate measurement conditions for 13 drugs were investigated by varying the cationic properties of the columns and the pH of the mobile phase. Drug concentrations in serum samples were determined using the developed columns and mobile phases with a suitable pH. Voriconazole concentrations in human serum samples were determined using the developed columns with all-aqueous mobile phases. We anticipate that the developed chromatography columns can be used for therapeutic drug monitoring because drug concentrations can be measured using all-aqueous mobile phases that are suitable in clinical settings.
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