Clarifying Privacy, Property, and Power: Case Study on Value Conflict between Communities

Arisa Ema, Hirotaka Osawa, Reina Saijo, Akinori Kubo, Takushi Otani, Hiromitsu Hattori, Naonori Akiya, Nobutsugu Kanzaki, Minao Kukita, Kazunori Komatani, Ryutaro Ichise

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This study analyzes the value conflict of a paper on fan fiction writing that used online fan fiction novels as a source to extract and filter sexual expressions from text. The boundaries of public and private information are ambiguous because users are not always aware of or have agreed to the fact that their content is to be used openly. The case was complicated by the fact that the use of these data by researchers violated an unconsciously infringed upon right of a vulnerable community with a weak legal position. This paper describes the debate on this topic among researchers from engineering and humanities fields on whether the purpose of the research was ethically acceptable; how the systems can be embedded in ethical values; and what ethical, legal, social, and educational lessons are appropriate for governance of artificial intelligence (AI). Our analysis aimed not only to clarify the abstract concept of privacy but also to make changes to the submission guidelines for authors. We hope that our analysis contributes to the governance of ethical AIs and AI ethics on handling sensitive aspects of online activities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8419734
Pages (from-to)575-581
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of the IEEE
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar
Externally publishedYes


  • Ethics
  • intellectual property
  • privacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Clarifying Privacy, Property, and Power: Case Study on Value Conflict between Communities'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this