Ultrafine gold and nickel nanoparticles (NPs) were fabricated by pulsed laser ablation in helium gas, and the NPs 2-15 nm in diameter were selectively classified by an electrostatic size-selection technique employing a low-pressure differential mobility analyzer (LP-DMA). In the classification of the NPs, a chain of several gold NPs or doubly charged NPs were produced as well as singly charged spherical NPs. The morphological selection was performed with the LP-DMA, using a relationship in which the cross section of the spherical NP chains was governed by the product of the diameter and the length, instead of by the square of the diameter. Below a blocking temperature of about 100 K, the Ni NPs that were 3.1 nm in diameter exhibited ferromagnetism.
- Differential mobility analyzer
- Laser ablation
- Size selection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Materials Science