Clinical report: Chronic liver dysfunction in an individual with an AMOTL1 variant

Shizuka Kirino, Mitsuyoshi Suzuki, Takuya Ogawa, Kei Takasawa, Eriko Adachi, Maki Gau, Ken Takahashi, Mitsuru Ikeno, Mamiko Yamada, Hisato Suzuki, Kenjiro Kosaki, Keiji Moriyama, Masayuki Yoshida, Tomohiro Morio, Kenichi Kashimada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


AMOTL1 is a member of the Motin protein family and localizes to tight junctions and is involved in cell polarity and paracellular permeability. Pathological variants have been reported in three patients from two separate families in recent years. The clinical spectrum includes cleft lip and palate along with a high incidence of congenital cardiac disease and ear malformations. We report a case of AMOTL1 pathogenic variant in a 11-year-old male patient with nonspecific and chronic liver dysfunction accompanied by persistently elevated liver enzymes since early infancy. Liver biopsy at 8 years of age revealed a mildly dilated central vein and sinusoid with no specific etiology. Liver dysfunction is not a known clinical feature of AMOTL1 malfunction. However, given that the protein is known to be involved in angiogenesis, it may be inferred that abnormalities in this process may lead to liver dysfunction. This is the first report of liver dysfunction identified in a patient with AMOTL1 malfunction, which will shed light on other putative functions of the protein.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104623
JournalEuropean Journal of Medical Genetics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Nov


  • AMOTL1
  • Cleft lip
  • Cleft palate
  • Exome sequencing
  • Liver dysfunction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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