Coffee induces vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in human neuroblastama SH-SY5Y cells

Shota Kakio, Megumi Funakoshi-Tago, Kenji Kobata, Hiroomi Tamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Recent evidence indicates that hypoxia-inducible vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has neurotrophic and neuroprotective effects on neuronal and glial cells. On the other hand, recent epidemiological studies showed that daily coffee consumption has been associated with a lower risk of several neuronal disorders. Therefore, we investigated the effect of coffee on VEGF expression in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. We found that even low concentration of coffee (<2%) strongly induced VEGF expression via an activation of HIF-1α. The activation of HIF-1α by coffee was attributed to the coffee-dependent inhibition of prolyl hydroxylation of HIF1α, which is essential for proteolytic degradation of HIF-1α. However, no inhibition was observed at the catalytic activity in vitro. Coffee component(s) responsible for the activation of HIF-1α was not major constituents such as caffeine, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, and trigonelline, but was found to emerge during roasting process. The active component(s) was extractable with ethyl acetate. Our results suggest that daily consumption of coffee may induce VEGF expression in neuronal cells. This might be related to protective effect of coffee on neural disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-342
Number of pages7
JournalNutritional Neuroscience
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 3


  • Coffee
  • HIF-1a
  • Neurodegeneration
  • SH-SY5Y
  • VEGF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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