Parkin, a product of the gene responsible for autosomal recessive juvenile parkinsonism (AR-JP), is an important player in the pathogenic process of Parkinson's disease (PD). Despite numerous studies including search for the substrate of parkin as an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase, the mechanism by which loss-of-function of parkin induces selective dopaminergic neuronal death remains unclear. Related to this issue, here we show that antisense knockdown of parkin causes apoptotic cell death of human dopaminergic SH-SY5Y cells associated with caspase activation and accompanied by accumulation of oxidative dopamine (DA) metabolites due to auto-oxidation of DOPA and DA. Forced expression of α-synuclein (α-SN), another familial PD gene product, prevented accumulation of oxidative DOPA/DA metabolites and cell death caused by parkin loss. Our findings indicate that both parkin and α-SN share a common pathway in DA metabolism whose abnormality leads to accumulation of oxidative DA metabolites and subsequent cell death.
|Number of pages
|Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
|Published - 2005 Jun 24
- Synuclein dopamine metabolism
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology