Comparison between theoretical model and experimental calibrations and its inference for track formation in bubble detectors

S. L. Guo, T. Doke, L. Li, B. L. Chen, D. H. Zhang, J. Kikuchi, K. Terasawa, M. Komiyama, K. Hara, T. Fuse, N. Yasuda, T. Murakami

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Calculations on the formation of a linear track of a heavy ion in bubble detector have been carried out based on a theoretical model considering the minimum energy (including bubble surface energy, internal energy, evaporation energy, expansion energy, kinetic energy and viscous energy) required during the formation of a critical bubble at the cost of the ionization energy of the heavy ion. The calculated minimum energy is 8.99 keV for dichlorodifluoromethane (R-12) at 25 °C. The results of calculations have been combined with those of calibrations of bubble detectors with heavy ions at accelerator. The threshold (1.51±0.04) MeV mg-1 cm2 is obtained in the calibration with heavy ions for the above liquid and temperature. It shows that the distance over which the heavy ion traverses and transfers energy to the superheated liquid to produce a critical bubble is 4.67 times the radius of the seed bubble. The radius of the cylinder along which the heavy ion deposits energy to form a seed bubble is about 5.2 nm. This dimension indicates that the process of track formation in bubble detectors is consistent with the model of thermal spike.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-233
Number of pages5
JournalRadiation Measurements
Issue number2-6
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Nov
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Nuclear Tracks in Soils -
Duration: 2004 Aug 232004 Aug 27


  • Bubble detector
  • Heavy ion calibration
  • Superheated drop detector
  • Theoretical model for track formation
  • Thermal spike model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Instrumentation


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