Comparison of interactions between warfarin and cephalosporins with and without the N-methyl-thio-tetrazole side chain

Shungo Imai, Shota Kadomura, Kenji Momo, Hitoshi Kashiwagi, Yuki Sato, Takayuki Miyai, Mitsuru Sugawara, Yoh Takekuma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cephalosporins with an N-methyl-thio-tetrazole (NMTT) side chain interact with warfarin by reducing the production of blood clotting factors. However, cephalosporins without the NMTT side chain also enhance the effects of warfarin. Thus, we aimed to compare the effects of warfarin modified by cephalosporins with and without the NMTT side chain, using a Japanese health insurance claims database. The inclusion criteria were patients who (1) intravenously received second- or third-generation cephalosporins between April 2010 and March 2017 and (2) received warfarin during cephalosporin therapy. Patients were administered either cephalosporins with the NMTT side chain (NMTT group) or those without NMTT (non-NMTT group). After matching patient data by propensity score, the following outcomes were compared between the two groups: (1) proportion of patients administered vitamin K, (2) proportion of bleeding events, and (3) changes in the daily dose of warfarin. Among 203 patients, 100 patients (50 per group) were matched by the propensity score. The proportion of patients administered vitamin K was 6.0% in both groups. These patients intravenously received a single dose of menatetrenone; no bleeding was observed. The proportion of patients subjected to a reduction in the daily dose of warfarin was 6.5% and 4.3% in the NMTT and non-NMTT groups, respectively. As our study had a small sample size, we could not determine whether the risk of over anticoagulation of warfarin is affected by cephalosporins with or without NMTT side chain. However, we showed the bleeding risk was sufficiently low regardless of the presence/absence of the NMTT side chain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1224-1228
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Infection and Chemotherapy
Volume26
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bleeding
  • Cephalosporin
  • Claims database
  • Drug–drug interaction
  • Warfarin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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