Comparison of patency of single and sequential radial artery grafting in coronary artery bypass

Hirofumi Kasahara, Hankei Shin, Tatsuo Takahashi, Satoru Murata, Mitsuharu Mori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVES: Sequential radial artery (RA) grafting has the potential to enhance arterial revascularization compared to single grafting. Sequential RA grafting was performed predominantly with a single side-to-side anastomosis. The study aimed to assess if sequential RA grafting improved long-term graft patency compared to single RA grafting. In addition, the anastomotic patencies of side-to-side and end-to-side anastomoses in sequential RA grafting were assessed. METHODS: Two hundred nineteen patients underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting with skeletonized RA conduits between 2005 and 2016. Of these, 208 patients underwent radiological graft assessment; thus, 125 and 83 patients underwent single and sequential RA grafting, respectively. The graft and anastomotic patency rates were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: The median follow-up period was 9.1 years, and the radiological assessment lasted 5.1 years. The overall RA graft patency rates at 1, 5 and 10 years were 99.4%, 92.7% and 88.1%, respectively. The RA graft patency rate for sequential grafting was similar to that for single grafting (88.7% vs 87.4% at 10 years; P = 0.88). In the stratified analysis of anastomotic patency, the patency rate of side-to-side anastomoses of sequential RA grafting was significantly better than that of end-to-side anastomoses (100% vs 88.7% at 10 years; P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The long-term RA graft patencies of sequential and single grafting were equally high. The anastomotic patency of side-to-side anastomoses of sequential RA grafting was remarkably high. Considering these findings, the RA can be effectively used for multiple arterial coronary revascularizations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)515-522
Number of pages8
JournalInteractive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Apr 1


  • Anastomotic patency
  • Coronary artery bypass grafting
  • Graft patency
  • Radial artery
  • Sequential grafting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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