Comparison of radiological characteristics between diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis and ankylosing spondylitis: a multicenter study

Takuya Takahashi, Toshitaka Yoshii, Kanji Mori, Shigeto Kobayashi, Hisashi Inoue, Kurisu Tada, Naoto Tamura, Takashi Hirai, Nobuhiro Sugimura, Narihito Nagoshi, Satoshi Maki, Keiichi Katsumi, Masao Koda, Kazuma Murata, Kazuhiro Takeuchi, Hiroaki Nakashima, Shiro Imagama, Yoshiharu Kawaguchi, Masashi Yamazaki, Atsushi Okawa

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To evaluate the radiological differences between diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) using whole spine computed tomography (CT), including the spine and sacroiliac joint (SIJ). The ossification and bridging of spinal ligament and fusion of the facet joint and SIJ were evaluated in 111 patients who were diagnosed with DISH and 27 patients with AS on the whole spine CT. The number of anterior bridging and shape of bridging (candle-wax-type/ smooth-type) were also evaluated. We further evaluated patients with DISH and AS by matching their age and sex. Complete SIJ fusion was more common in AS, whereas anterior and posterior bony bridging around SIJ was more common in DISH. However, 63% of patients with DISH had a partial or complete fusion. In spinal anterior bony bridging, the majority of patients with AS had the smooth-type, whereas those with DISH had the candle-wax-type. However, some of the patients with DISH (11%) had smooth-type. Intervertebral facet joint fusion is more common in AS. The number of anterior spinal bony bridging was greater in AS than in DISH, especially in the lumbar spine. These results are useful in differentiating DISH from AS and should therefore be considered when making a diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1849
JournalScientific reports
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Dec

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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