Complete asymptotic expansions associated with Epstein zeta-functions II

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Let Q(u, v) = |u + vz|2 be a positive-definite quadratic form with a complex parameter z = x +iy in the upper half-plane. The Epstein zeta-function ζZ2 (s; z) attached to Q is initially defined by (1.3) below.We have established in the preceding paper Katsurada (Ramanujan J 14:249–275, 2007) complete asymptotic expansions of ζZ2 (s; x + iy) as y → +∞, and those of its weighted mean value (with respect to y) in the form of a Laplace–Mellin transform (1.4). The present paper proceeds further with our previous study to show that similar asymptotic series still exist for a more general Epstein zeta-function ψZ2 (s; a, b; μ, ν; z) defined by (1.2) below (Theorem 1), and also for the Riemann–Liouville transform (1.5) of ζZ2 (s; z) (Theorem 2). Prior to the proofs of these asymptotic expansions, the meromorphic continuation of ψZ2 (s; a, b; μ, ν; z) over the whole s-plane is prepared by means of Mellin–Barnes integral transforms (Proposition 1 in Sect. 3). This procedure differs slightly from other previously known methods of analytic continuation, and provides the meromorphic continuation of ψZ2 (s; a, b; μ, ν; z) in the form of a double infinite series [see (2.9) and (3.9) with (3.8)], which is most appropriate for deriving the asymptotic expansions in question. The use of Mellin–Barnes type integrals such as in (3.3) is crucial in all aspects of the proofs; several transformation and connection formulae for hypergeometric functions are especially applied with manipulation of these integrals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-437
Number of pages35
JournalRamanujan Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr


  • Asymptotic expansion
  • Epstein zeta-function
  • Mellin–Barnes integral
  • Riemann–Liouville transform
  • Weighted mean value

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Algebra and Number Theory


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