Concentration and dilution of ultrafine bubbles in water

Shunya Tanaka, Yuri Naruse, Koichi Terasaka, Satoko Fujioka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Submicron-sized bubbles are now officially called ultrafine bubbles (UFBs) by the international standard. The concentration of UFBs is generally low (<109 particles/mL; <0.001 vol%) compared to other colloidal dispersions. To overcome this practical problem, we concentrated UFBs in ultrapure water prepared by a commercial UFB generator and quantified the effect of rotary evaporation of the dispersion media on the stability of UFBs. The UFB dispersions were characterized by a particle tracking analysis (PTA) instrument. The experimental results showed that the UFBs can be diluted and concentrated without changing the size distribution and there was little or no loss of UFBs. By using a rotary evaporator, UFB dispersions were about 30-fold concentrated and the resultant number concentration reached over 3 × 1010 particles/mL. Increasing the concentration of UFBs allowed for satisfactory dynamic light scattering (DLS) measurements. The differences among the three algorithms for analyzing the raw data, i.e., autocorrelation function, obtained by DLS are discussed, along with the characteristics of the particle size distribution derived from each algorithm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number50
JournalColloids and Interfaces
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Dynamic light scattering
  • Marquardt
  • NNLS
  • Nanobubble
  • Number concentration
  • Particle tracking analysis
  • Rotary evaporator
  • Size distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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