Construction of Supramolecular Systems That Achieve Lifelike Functions

Taisuke Banno, Daichi Sawada, Taro Toyota

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded in 1987 and 2016 for research in supramolecular chemistry on the “development and use of molecules with structure-specific interactions of high selectivity” and the “design and production of molecular machines”, respectively. This confirmed the explosive development of supramolecular chemistry. In addition, attempts have been made in systems chemistry to embody the complex functions of living organisms as artificial non-equilibrium chemical systems, which have not received much attention in supramolecular chemistry. In this review, we explain recent developments in supramolecular chemistry through four categories: stimuli-responsiveness, time evolution, dissipative self-assembly, and hierarchical expression of functions. We discuss the development of non-equilibrium supramolecular systems, including the use of molecules with precisely designed properties, to achieve functions found in life as a hierarchical chemical system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2391
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Apr 1


  • amphiphiles
  • molecular conversions
  • non-equilibrium system
  • supramolecular chemistry
  • systems chemistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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