Continuity of transcriptomes among colorectal cancer subtypes based on meta-analysis

Siyuan Ma, Shuji Ogino, Princy Parsana, Reiko Nishihara, Zhirong Qian, Jeanne Shen, Kosuke Mima, Yohei Masugi, Yin Cao, Jonathan A. Nowak, Kaori Shima, Yujin Hoshida, Edward L. Giovannucci, Manish K. Gala, Andrew T. Chan, Charles S. Fuchs, Giovanni Parmigiani, Curtis Huttenhower, Levi Waldron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Previous approaches to defining subtypes of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) and other cancers based on transcriptomes have assumed the existence of discrete subtypes. We analyze gene expression patterns of colorectal tumors from a large number of patients to test this assumption and propose an approach to identify potentially a continuum of subtypes that are present across independent studies and cohorts. Results: We examine the assumption of discrete CRC subtypes by integrating 18 published gene expression datasets and > 3700 patients, and contrary to previous reports, find no evidence to support the existence of discrete transcriptional subtypes. Using a meta-analysis approach to identify co-expression patterns present in multiple datasets, we identify and define robust, continuously varying subtype scores to represent CRC transcriptomes. The subtype scores are consistent with established subtypes (including microsatellite instability and previously proposed discrete transcriptome subtypes), but better represent overall transcriptional activity than do discrete subtypes. The scores are also better predictors of tumor location, stage, grade, and times of disease-free survival than discrete subtypes. Gene set enrichment analysis reveals that the subtype scores characterize T-cell function, inflammation response, and cyclin-dependent kinase regulation of DNA replication. Conclusions: We find no evidence to support discrete subtypes of the CRC transcriptome and instead propose two validated scores to better characterize a continuity of CRC transcriptomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number142
JournalGenome biology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Sept 25
Externally publishedYes


  • Colon cancer
  • Progression
  • Transcriptional profiling
  • Tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology


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